更新时间：2023-11-16 来源：童话故事 点击：
格林童话故事第117篇：三个军医The three army-surgeons
The three army-surgeons
Three army-surgeons who thought they knew their art perfectly, were travelling about the world, and they came to an inn where they wanted to pass the night. The host asked whence they came, and whither they were going? ”We are roaming about the world and practising our art.“ - ”Just show me for once in a way what you can do,“ said the host. Then the first said he would cut off his hand, and put it on again early next morning; the second said he would tear out his heart, and replace it next morning; the third said he would cut out his eyes and heal them again next morning. ”If you can do that,“ said the innkeeper, ”you have learnt everything.“ They, however, had a salve, with which they rubbed themselves, which joined parts together, and they carried the little bottle in which it was, constantly with them. Then they cut the hand, heart and eyes from their bodies as they had said they would, and laid them all together on a plate, and gave it to the innkeeper. The innkeeper gave it to a servant who was to set it in the cupboard, and take good care of it. The girl, however, had a lover in secret, who was a soldier. When therefore the innkeeper, the three army-surgeons, and everyone else in the house were asleep, the soldier came and wanted something to eat. The girl opened the cupboard and brought him some food, and in her love forgot to shut the cupboard-door again; She seated herself at the table by her lover, and they chattered away together. While she sat so contentedly there, thinking of no ill luck, the cat came creeping in, found the cupboard open, took the hand and heart and eyes of the three army-surgeons, and ran off with them. When the soldier had done eating, and the girl was taking away the things and going to shut the cupboard she saw that the plate which the innkeeper had given her to take care of, was empty. Then she said in a fright to her lover, ”Ah, miserable girl, what shall I do? The hand is gone, the heart and the eyes are gone too, what will become of me in the morning?“ - ”Be easy,“ said he, ”I will help thee out of thy trouble there is a thief hanging outside on the gallows, I will cut off his hand. Which hand was it?“ - ”The right one.“ Then the girl gave him a sharp knife, and he went and cut the poor sinner"s right hand off, and brought it to her. After this he caught the cat and cut its eyes out, and now nothing but the heart was wanting. ”Have you not been killing, and are not the dead pigs in the cellar?“ said he. ”Yes,“ said the girl. ”That"s well,“ said the soldier, and he went down and fetched a pig"s heart. The girl placed all together on the plate, and put it in the cupboard, and when after this her lover took leave of her, she went quietly to bed.
In the morning when the three army-surgeons got up, they told the girl she was to bring them the plate on which the hand, heart, and eyes were lying. Then she brought it out of the cupboard, and the first fixed the thief"s hand on and smeared it with his salve, and it grew to his arm directly. The second took the cat"s eyes and put them in his own head. The third fixed the pig"s heart firm in the place where his own had been, and the innkeeper stood by, admired their skill, and said he had never yet seen such a thing as that done, and would sing their praises and recommend them to everyone. Then they paid their bill, and travelled farther.
As they were on their way, the one with the pig"s heart did not stay with them at all, but wherever there was a corner he ran to it, and rooted about in it with his nose as pigs do. The others wanted to hold him back by the tail of his coat, but that did no good; he tore himself loose, and ran wherever the dirt was thickest. The second also behaved very strangely; he rubbed his eyes, and said to the others, ”Comrades, what is the matter? I don"t see at all. Will one of you lead me, so that I do not fall.“ Then with difficulty they travelled on till evening, when they reached another inn. They went into the bar together, and there at a table in the corner sat a rich man counting money. The one with the thief"s hand walked round about him, made a sudden movement twice with his arm, and at last when the stranger turned away, he snatched at the pile of money, and took a handful from it. One of them saw this, and said, ”Comrade, what art thou about? Thou must not steal shame on thee!“ - ”Eh,“ said he, ”but how can I stop myself? My hand twitches, and I am forced to snatch things whether I will or not.“
After this, they lay down to sleep, and while they were lying there it was so dark that no one could see his own hand. All at once the one with the cat"s eyes awoke, aroused the others, and said. ”Brothers, just look up, do you see the white mice running about there?“ The two sat up, but could see nothing. Then said he, ”Things are not right with us, we have not got back again what is ours. We must return to the innkeeper, he has deceived us.“ They went back therefore, the next morning, and told the host they had not got what was their own again; that the first had a thief"s hand, the second cat"s eyes, and the third a pig"s heart. The innkeeper said that the girl must be to blame for that, and was going to call her, but when she had seen the three coming, she had run out by the backdoor, and not come back. Then the three said he must give them a great deal of money, or they would set his house on fire. He gave them what he had, and whatever he could get together, and the three went away with it. It was enough for the rest of their lives, but they would rather have had their own proper organs.
格林童话故事第145篇：三个懒汉The three sluggards
The three sluggards
A certain King had three sons who were all equally dear to him, and he did not know which of them to appoint as his successor after his own death. When the time came when he was about to die, he summoned them to his bedside and said, ”Dear children, I have been thinking of something which I will declare unto you; whichsoever of you is the laziest shall have the kingdom.“ The eldest said, ”Then, father, the kingdom is mine, for I am so idle that if I lie down to rest, and a drop falls in my eye, I will not open it that I may sleep.“ The second said; ”Father, the kingdom belongs to me, for I am so idle that when I am sitting by the fire warming myself, I would rather let my heel be burnt off than draw back my leg.“ The third said, ”Father, the kingdom is mine, for I am so idle that if I were going to be hanged, and had the rope already round my neck, and any one put a sharp knife into my hand with which I might cut the rope, I would rather let myself be hanged than raise my hand to the rope.“ When the father heard that, he said, ”Thou hast carried it the farthest, and shalt be King.“
《格林童话》这本书是由雅可布。格林和他的弟弟威廉。格林合写的一本书，书中向我们介绍了很多主人公，它们在格林和他弟弟威廉。格林的手中栩栩如 生。其中有我很早都认识的朋友：美丽纯洁的`白雪公主、幼稚纯朴的小红帽、可爱善良的灰姑娘……，也有我心结识的朋友：朴素善良的汉斯，聪明漂亮的格蕾 特，……我非常喜欢这些主人公，其中聪明漂亮的格蕾特让我印象最深。
格雷特是一个很有明的厨娘，有一次主人对格雷特说晚上家里要来一位 客人让格雷特烤两只烧鸡。格雷特做好一切准备后，在傍晚时分她开始烤起了烧鸡。但是当烧鸡快烤好时客人还没到，格雷特的主人就说出去看看，正在烤烧鸡的格 雷特抵挡不住烧鸡的诱惑自己不由自主的吃了起来，但当主人回来时格雷特假装在烤烧鸡，然后对主人邀请的客人说主人不是邀请他的而是要趁机杀掉他，客人听了 后马上就跑了，而格雷特又对主人说客人那这烧鸡跑了。
他骑着马儿继续往前走，但不久以后马就开始一步一瘸的了，再过会儿就开始踉踉跄跄，最后它终于跌倒在地，折断了腿。 那生意人只好扔下他的马 ，解下钱箱扛在背上，步行回家。 等赶回家时已是午夜时分，只听他嘀咕着：”都是那颗该死的钉子把我给害惨了。“
A merchant had done good business at the fair; he had sold his wares, and lined his money-bags with gold and silver. Then he wanted to travel homewards, and be in his own house before nightfall. So he packed his trunk with the money on his horse, and rode away.
At noon he rested in a town, and when he wanted to go farther the stable-boy brought out his horse and said, ”A nail is wanting, sir, in the shoe of its left hind foot.“ - ”Let it be wanting,“ answered the merchant; ”the shoe will certainly stay on for the six miles I have still to go. I am in a hurry.“
In the afternoon, when he once more alighted and had his horse fed, the stable-boy went into the room to him and said, ”Sir, a shoe is missing from your horse"s left hind foot. Shall I take him to the blacksmith?“ - ”Let it still be wanting,“ answered the man; ”the horse can very well hold out for the couple of miles which remain. I am in haste.“
He rode forth, but before long the horse began to limp. It had not limped long before it began to stumble, and it had not stumbled long before it fell down and broke its leg. The merchant was forced to leave the horse where it was, and unbuckle the trunk, take it on his back, and go home on foot. And there he did not arrive until quite late at night. ”And that unlucky nail,“ said he to himself, ”has caused all this disaster.“
The old man made young again
There were once two brothers who both served as soldiers; one of them was rich, and the other poor. Then the poor one, to escape from his poverty, put off his soldier"s coat, and turned farmer. He dug and hoed his bit of land, and sowed it with turnip-seed. The seed came up, and one turnip grew there which became large and vigorous, and visibly grew bigger and bigger, and seemed as if it would never stop growing, so that it might have been called the princess of turnips, for never was such an one seen before, and never will such an one be seen again. At length it was so enormous that by itself it filled a whole cart, and two oxen were required to draw it, and the farmer had not the least idea what he was to do with the turnip, or whether it would be a fortune to him or a misfortune. At last he thought, ”If thou sellest it, what wilt thou get for it that is of any importance, and if thou eatest it thyself, why, the small turnips would do thee just as much good; it would be better to take it to the King, and make him a present of it.“ So he placed it on a cart, harnessed two oxen, took it to the palace, and presented it to the King. ”What strange thing is this?“ said the King. ”Many wonderful things have come before my eyes, but never such a monster as this! From what seed can this have sprung, or are you a luck-child and have met with it by chance?“ - ”Ah, no!“ said the farmer, ”no luck-child am I. I am a poor soldier, who because he could no longer support himself hung his soldier"s coat on a nail and took to farming land. I have a brother who is rich and well known to you, Lord King, but I, because I have nothing, am forgotten by every one.“ Then the King felt compassion for him, and said, ”Thou shalt be raised from thy poverty, and shalt have such gifts from me that thou shalt be equal to thy rich brother.“ Then he bestowed on him much gold, and lands, and meadows, and herds, and made him immensely rich, so that the wealth of the other brother could not be compared with his. When the rich brother heard what the poor one had gained for himself with one single turnip, he envied him, and thought in every way how he also could get hold of a similar piece of luck. He would, however, set about it in a much wiser way, and took gold and horses and carried them to the King, and made certain the King would give him a much larger present in return. If his brother had got so much for one turnip, what would he not carry away with him in return for such beautiful things as these? The King accepted his present, and said he had nothing to give him in return that was more rare and excellent than the great turnip. So the rich man was obliged to put his brother"s turnip in a cart and have it taken to his home. When there he did not know on whom to vent his rage and anger, until bad thoughts came to him, and he resolved to kill his brother. He hired murderers, who were to lie in ambush, and then he went to his brother and said, ”Dear brother, I know of a hidden treasure, we will dig it up together, and divide it between us.“ The other agreed to this, and accompanied him without suspicion. While they were on their way, however, the murderers fell on him, bound him, and would have hanged him to a tree. But just as they were doing this, loud singing and the sound of a horse"s feet were heard in the distance. On this their hearts were filled with terror, and they pushed their prisoner head first into the sack, hung it on a branch, and took to flight. He, however, worked up there until he had made a hole in the sack through which he could put his head. The man who was coming by was no other than a travelling student, a young fellow who rode on his way through the wood joyously singing his song. When he who was aloft saw that someone was passing below him, he cried, ”Good day! You have come at a lucky time.“ The student looked round on every side, but did not know whence the voice came. At last he said, ”Who calls me?“ Then an answer came from the top of the tree, ”Raise your eyes; here I sit aloft in the Sack of Wisdom. In a short time have I learnt great things; compared with this all schools are a jest; in a very short time I shall have learnt everything, and shall descend wiser than all other men. I understand the stars, and the signs of the Zodiac, and the tracks of the winds, the sand of the sea, the healing of illness, and the virtues of all herbs, birds, and stones. If you were once within it you would feel what noble things issue forth from the Sack of Knowledge.“ The student, when he heard all this, was astonished, and said, ”Blessed be the hour in which I have found thee! May not I also enter the sack for a while?“ He who was above replied as if unwillingly, ”For a short time I will let you get into it, if you reward me and give me good words; but you must wait an hour longer, for one thing remains which I must learn before I do it.“ When the student had waited a while he became impatient, and begged to be allowed to get in at once, his thirst for knowledge was so very great. So he who was above pretended at last to yield, and said, ”In order that I may come forth from the house of knowledge you must let it down by the rope, and then you shall enter it.“ So the student let the sack down, untied it, and set him free, and then cried, ”Now draw me up at once,“ and was about to get into the sack. ”Halt!“ said the other, ”that won"t do,“ and took him by the head and put him upside down into the sack, fastened it, and drew the disciple of wisdom up the tree by the rope. Then he swung him in the air and said, ”How goes it with thee, my dear fellow? Behold, already thou feelest wisdom coming, and art gaining valuable experience. Keep perfectly quiet until thou becomest wiser.“ Thereupon he mounted the student"s horse and rode away, but in an hour"s time sent some one to let the student out again.